Canine Strain and Sprain

Your dog seems to have pulled a muscle. If it is less than 24/48 hours, ice may perhaps be applied, if we suspect an elongation. The best would be to contact your veterinarian.

Strain / sprain (mild or severe) injury painful trauma of a joint from a violent distension with or without torn ligament.

Elongation / stretching: excessive stretching a muscle.

Fracture (open or closed): breaking of a bone or hard cartilage. See your veterinarian as soon as possible.

Remember it is very important to "respect the dog's body."Do not forget to take his vital signs, it is the only way his body is going to talk to you.If he suffers intensely, do not hesitate, go to the vet ASAP.


The procedure for the application of ice. Do not apply for more than 20 minutes at a time, do not forget to put a towel between the ice and the skin so it is not going to be frostbiten.  Ice should be applied between 15 and 20 minutes every 2-4 hours for the first 24-48 hours. In the case of severe stretch, it might be beneficial to continue a little longer ice before falling to the heat treatment. For less severe problems, heat can be applied from day 2.Always checked with your veterinarian for recommendations.

Why the use of ice?

1) Analgesic effect2) The ice on blood vessel have a constrictor effect, delay and minimizes the effects of histamine (trigger by the damaged tissue), also reduces swelling and microscopic hemorrhages.3) Alters the transmission of nerve pulses to the spinal cord, helping to prevent the cycle of persistent pain / hypersensitivity.


The temperature should be pleasant (warm) but not too hot. Put a towel between the heat source and the body of the dog not to burn the dog. Usually heat is used after 24-48 hours. The heat is not usually the primary source of treatment after an injury, the treatment of ice is used first. Usually the application of the heat work in the same way as ice. Always check with your veterinarian for recommendations.

Why the use of heat?

1) Help to increase blood circulation, increasing the speed to remove metabolic wastes from the site of injury and bringing fresh nutrients and oxygen to the injured tissue.2) Promotes the collagen fibers to detach due to the high temperature, prevents or limits the adhesion of these fibers.3) By opening the blood vessels, helps to reduce lactic acid that causes pain and spasmsIt is always important to check with your veterinarian before doing anything.

Here is what you can use:

Ice: Jelly compress sold in a reusable bag at he pharmacy  (also called Icepack, can be used hot or cold) Ice Cube placed in a plastic bag, a small bag peas or corn kernel, a frozen wet towel wrapped in a plastic bag placed in a freezer for a few minute

Heat: Jelly compress sold in a reusable bag at the pharmacy (also called Icepack, can be used hot or cold)
Small dry peas (soup), dry bean, etc. They can be placed in a clean sock and reheated in the microwave. A wet towel, placed in the microwave subsequently in a plastic bag especially if the dog can easily be affected by hot spot or a bottle with hot water inside.

Take care not to cause frostbite or burns to the dog.

Important!! For the human and for the dog. The human should be seen by a doctor prior starting an exercise program, ask him if the program will be appropriate for you. Same thing with your dog. You should see the vet about the new exercise program that you will be starting with your dog to know if it will be appropriate.

Christianne Tremblay

The information which will be provided to you by Christianne Tremblay replaces under no circumstances the expertise of your veterinary surgeon. This Internet site and Christianne Tremblay  and consultations coming from this site must not be used instead of advice, or diagnostic, or treatments of a veterinary surgeon, but rather as a supplementary service to ameliorate and support health, nutrition, physical conditioning and quality of life of your dog. Please, always consult your veterinary surgeon before undertaking, changing or ending treatments or stop the medication of your dog. Christianne Tremblay is not veterinary.

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